what are dates? + history and some benefits

what are dates?

What are dates? Dates or Phoenix (scientific name: Phoenix dactylifera) is a monocotyledonous and tropical plant in the genus of palms, whose fruit is edible and has a hard core and thin skin and a sweet taste that hangs in the form of large clusters of branches and leaves are large. The height of the palm reaches 10 to 20 meters or more.
The distribution of date palms is mainly in the northern hemisphere and in Iran, Pakistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries along the Persian Gulf, as well as most of North Africa and the United States, and is also found in the southern hemisphere.

The unripe fruit of the date is called “khark” or “khark” or kong (and in Arabic, “hababuk”).
Rutab is the pre-ripening stage of dates that has more moisture and less sugar than fully ripe dates.

Dates are a set of fruits, meaning that the entire fruiting body is fleshy and contains nutrients. Dates have been in the human diet since ancient times and have been one of the oldest fruits grown by humans.

The root of the word

The word date has Persian roots and has been introduced from Persian, Hindi, Urdu, Turkish, Indonesian and Malaysian languages ​​to the east and Greek to the west. In the southern part of the country, the people of Achma call dates derived from the Pahlavi dialect (Achma), HARMA and ORMA.

what are dates?

Planting history

The date palm tree grows in tropical and subtropical regions, including Iran. Although its origin is mentioned in Mesopotamia, Saudi Arabia and North Africa, but scientific studies, it is known as P.H. Sivestris attributed to go to India is attributed. Archaeologists have attributed the construction of the groves to 5,000 years ago, as they were named after clay tablets from 50 centuries ago.

Palms and dates have been cultivated in Iran since ancient times and before the Achaemenid period. In Sassanid literature, including the book Bandheshan, the palm is mentioned. Chinese sources refer to Iran (in his language as Bousi, the Persian pronunciation of Persian) as the land of date palms, which is known to them as Persian jujube and millennial jujube. At the end of the ninth century, date palms were taken from Iran to China and cultivated there. Among European countries, Spain has a longer history of growing dates.


They make baskets and baskets from the leaves and branches of the palm tree. From the core of it bread and from the fruit of the date wine and honey. The people of the desert grind the kernel of a palm tree and bake it, or roast the kernel and use it as coffee, because it is very pleasant to brew, or even soak it in water for a few days, and as a nutritious food to camels. They give themselves.

What is the best type of date to eat?

Magul: It has its roots in Morocco, they are big and delicious and have a toffee-like flavor.

Bari: Also called yellow dates, this is a native variety of Iraq. They are softer and have thicker flesh.

Circle: These dates are long, narrow and black.

Halawi: These are incredibly sweet and small.

Deglet Noor: It is one of the best species in Tunisia and Algeria. Semi-dry and not too sweet, these dates are commonly used in cooking.

Hayani: In Egypt, these dates are soft and red to black and red.

Migraf: Popular in southern Yemen, these are large, golden dates.

Orphans: These are native to Algeria, and are very sweet and large and rectangular.

Of all these, Majul is the most delicious and nutritious type of date. These are the most common types of black dates and are rich in antioxidants and fiber and are also rich in potassium. There are several varieties of this fruit, the most popular of which is Medigol.
Interestingly, on the contrary, the benefits of smaller dates are even greater. Some of the amazing benefits of dates can help us in these cases, lowering cholesterol, treating constipation and increasing energy levels and bone health.

what are dates?

Properties of dates and its caloric content

Each date contains about 20 calories and contains 2.8 mg of calcium and 5 g of carbohydrates. Dates are also rich in antioxidants, tannins being the most important of these. Tannins prevent cell damage and protect against inflammation. In fact, eating dates on an empty stomach kills intestinal worms.

Properties, benefits and health benefits of dates:

Many of the health benefits of eating dates include relieving constipation, regulating cholesterol levels, bowel disorders, heart problems, anemia and sexual disorders.

1. Properties of dates for constipation:

The pulp of this fruit improves constipation by modifying the mineral restriction that occurs during constipation. Date fiber is also good for preventing gastrointestinal cancer. Eating at least 20 to 35 grams of fiber per day will keep your stools soft and prevent this condition.

2. Properties of dates to improve heart health:

Eat only a few dates a day to improve your heart health; Antioxidants in dates prevent atherosclerosis, which basically hardens the arteries and causes clots. These antioxidants stimulate the removal of cholesterol from vascular cells. Dates also contain isoflavones, which are known to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

3. Properties of dates to help regulate cholesterol:

One of the effective benefits is dates. Consumption of dates, even for healthy people, can have a positive effect on cholesterol and oxidative stress. Dates do not contain cholesterol. They are richer in iron and fiber than bananas.

4. Properties of dates to improve bone health:

Dates are a rich source of copper, magnesium, selenium and manganese – all of which are essential for maintaining healthy bones and preventing osteoporosis-related diseases. Dates are also rich in vitamin K, which is a blood clot and helps your metabolism. They also contain boron, which is good for healthy bones.

5. Regulate blood pressure:

Dates are rich in potassium and its minerals lower blood pressure. A pickled date contains about 167 mg of potassium, which is relatively high compared to other fruits. Not getting enough potassium can also lead to kidney stones, and fiber also stabilizes blood sugar levels.

Balances the effects of sodium in your diet, which lowers blood pressure. Magnesium from this fruit relaxes your muscles and blood vessels, thus lowering blood pressure.

6. Dates increase sexual health:

As shown in Indian studies, date pollen is used in traditional medicine to increase male fertility.

7. Treat diarrhea:

According to Columbia University Medical Center, diarrhea can be improved or exacerbated by choosing the foods you eat, so choosing the right foods is important. High potassium in dates can help improve your condition.

8. Improve brain health:

Dates have been found to protect against oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain. Regular consumption of dates and similar fruits is associated with the risk of neurodegenerative diseases and better cognitive function in the elderly; Another study shows that eating dates can also slow the progression of Alzheimer’s. Another study says that dates can help prevent inflammation in the brain.

9. Properties of dates to prevent colon cancer:

Consumption of dates can reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, consumption of dates also increases the growth of beneficial bacteria in the intestine and promotes intestinal health.

10. Properties to increase energy:

This fruit contains many nutrients that help increase your energy levels. It also contains natural sugars such as turpentine, fructose and glucose, all of which boost energy.

what are dates?

11. Dates cause weight gain:

Who wants to gain weight? If you are overweight and want to lose weight, dates can be a dietary supplement.

12. Properties to help prevent night blindness:

The main cause of night blindness is a lack of vitamin A; Dates are also rich in this vitamin and help fight this disease. In fact, in areas where dates are high, night blindness is very rare.

13. Prevention of poisoning by using the benefits and properties of dates:

Although there is no extensive research in this area, but we have something interesting in the northern parts of Nigeria, dates (along with pepper) are added to native beer to make the drink less toxic.

14. Prevention of hemorrhoids with the properties:

This is especially true of pregnancy; Hemorrhoids are a common complication of pregnancy and can be caused by insufficient fiber intake. Dates, as we have seen, are an excellent source of fiber. They can help prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

15. Dates are good for the skin:

Dates contain vitamins C and D, which work on skin elasticity. Fruits can also help combat skin problems – you can include dates in your diet and see long-term results.

Dates also have anti-aging benefits, they prevent the accumulation of melanin in your body and otherwise have adverse effects. We know that hormones play an important role in skin aging and appearance; Palm kernel extract contains phytohormones that have significant anti-aging effects. The extract can also fight wrinkles.

16. Properties to prevent hair loss:

Dates are rich in iron, which increases blood circulation to the skin and increases hair growth; This happens with full oxygen supply to the whole body, including your scalp. Finally, it prevents hair loss and stimulates new hair growth.

17. Properties of dates to prevent inflammation:

Date palms contain components that fight inflammation. Dates also contain good amounts of magnesium, a mineral that is important for immune function. If your diet is low in magnesium, your immune system will not be strong enough to prevent inflammation.

18. Promote pregnancy health:

Have you heard about the benefits of dates during pregnancy? Pregnant women need about 300 calories more than their non-pregnant peers, but most pregnant women tend to choose low-calorie foods, which is a mistake. Dates can help. Although low in calories, they are very nutritious and we have already seen how date fiber helps prevent pregnancy hemorrhoids.

To import dates, contact Hoorbam.

One thought on “what are dates? + history and some benefits

  1. peter says:

    gaining weight is one of the date benefits

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